In New York, eighteen months after the Metropolitan Transportation Authority banned alcohol advertisements on New York City buses, in subway cars and in stations, the City of New York has followed suit, instituting its own ban on most city-owned properties. Officials cite health risk to young people and vulnerable populations as the reason behind the ban. The ban comes into effect immediately and affects city-owned properties such as bus shelters, news stands, recycling bins and LinkNYC Wi-Fi kiosks. About 3% of city-owned advertising space is dedicated to alcohol ads. In the 2018 fiscal year, the city received $2.7 million in alcohol advertising revenue. City officials say that the loss of alcohol advertising revenue will hopefully lead to a reduction in the effects of over consumption.